Updating 1970s homes
Luxembourg experienced four centuries of foreign occupation, primarily by Spain, Austria, and France.
The fortress was coveted for its strategic position.
As the major language most easily understood by native Luxembourgers, German is the principal language of instruction in elementary school, although children speak Luxembourgish in the playground.
Written in 1864, immediately before the nation gained full sovereignty, the anthem calls for peace.Also, older Luxembourgers recall the German occupation during World War II, when they were forced to speak German, and have passed on their memories to later generations.